The Pan-Arab Corridor: Applying bottom-up classification methods to populate an "ecology-LUTI" hybrid raster-based geospatial process

Authors: Lynn Abdouni*, College of Environment and Design
Topics: Transportation Geography, Urban and Regional Planning, Middle East
Keywords: Transportation, Land use impact, Raster Analysis, Land Use Classification, Urban Planning, Complete Corridor, Middle East, Beqaa Valley, Lebanon, Syria
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 2:35 PM / 4:15 PM
Room: Empire Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The 'Pan-Arab Highway', conceived in the early 1950’s, was designed to connect the Mediterranean Sea with the Persian Gulf by way of Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. Plans for its construction folded in the wake of armed conflicts that continue to plague the area since the late 1950's.
Today, as the Syrian war simmers down, Lebanon begins to attract a new wave of investment from local and international stakeholders. The anticipated traffic from these investments will put pressure on the existing Beirut-Damascus transportation network and is beginning to drastically change land use patterns around the network.
This paper will introduce snapshots of these land use changes and will delve into techniques for overcoming data shortage in this region by joining data collected onsite with satellite imagery to create a land use classification set unique to the Lebanese segment of the pan-Arab highway. It will also propose (and seek feedback about) a geospatial analysis process for land use designation that joins principles of land use - transportation interaction models used by the urban planning discipline and habitat suitability models used in the ecology discipline.

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