Authors: Francis Xavier Dery Tuokuu*, Antioch University New England
Topics: Environment, Natural Resources, Africa
Keywords: Environmental policy; Perceptions; Gold mining; Q-methodology; Ghana
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8224, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Gold mining might have contributed to socioeconomic development in Ghana, but it has also exacerbated incidences of environmental degradation and fostered associated human rights violations within local communities. The government of Ghana has sought to address the environmental problems associated with the mining sector through a number of environmental policies. Unfortunately, the views of critical stakeholders have either been neglected or received inadequate attention in the design and implementation of environmental policies with consequences for the effectiveness of governmental policies. Consequently, drawing on empirical evidence from fieldwork in Ghana, this study uses Q-methodology to quantitatively analyze qualitative perspectives on the most effective strategies for developing and implementing environmental policies in the country’s gold mining sector. The paper identifies three dominant shared perspectives that critical stakeholders believe, if adhered to, could enhance the effectiveness of environmental policy development and implementation within Ghana’s gold mining sector. These shared perspectives are; securing the commitment of top management; investment in broad stakeholder consultation and the formation of partnerships; and greater attention to both community and efforts to be responsive to community’s needs. The paper considers the theoretical and practical implications of its findings for environmental policies in developing countries.