Suitability Evaluation and Neighborhood Design for Pollinator Habitat, City of Madison, Wisconsin

Authors: Beichen Tian*,
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Planning Geography, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: GIS, community development, urban design, food system, environmental planning, urban agriculture, conservation biology
Session Type: Guided Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Roosevelt 3.5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

City of Madison is the capital of Wisconsin, a state whose pollinator-dependent crops account for over $55 million in annual production and honey and beeswax account for $3.5 million annually. However, the state lost about 60% of its honey bee colonies from springs 2014-2015. These pollinator declines have been associated with “Colony Collapse Disorder” (CCD), whose causes are considered to be a combination of factors including construction of roads, restrictive land regulations, overuse of agricultural pesticide, virus, etc. These factors together, constituted a potential threat to maintain the productions of many crops, which are central to Wisconsin’s economy and food culture, such as apples and cranberries. In consideration of these issues, the project conducted a GIS-based bee habitat suitability research, which aims at strengthening people’s and local government’s awareness on pollinator habitat protection through the provision of a spatial evaluation for Madison’s regional potential to develop pollinator habitats and the causes that determine the corresponding spatial pattern. In order to construct the relevant GIS model, 6 spatial variables were integrated into the analysis processes. They are soil drainability, aspects, vegetation cover, environmental corridor, water proximity, and pesticide use. Based on the analysis results, the study discovered that the overall habitat suitability scores could vary considerably from central urban areas to suburbs, determined by land use types, population, vegetation cover, etc. On these bases, pertinent policy and planning suggestions combined with conceptual space design were given to four specific sites within the city.

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