Authors: Juan Demerutis Arenas*, UNIVERSITY OF GUADALAJARA
Topics: Latin America
Keywords: Metropolitan planning, metropolitan governance
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Calvert Room, Omni, East
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Metropolitan Areas in Mexico are the result of the process that has led world population in general and of Mexico in particular to settle in urban areas. However, citizen participation in metro planning processes has been uneven through time, particularly for vulnerable groups. Therefore, this article analyses the relationships between local governments and the actors of civil organized society using as categories for the analysis, modes of governance considering: key decision makers, public-private relationships, and the key instruments that govern the processes of planning the metropolis.
A three-step analysis is conducted: 1) Descriptions of context and background; 2) Revisions of adopted laws; and 3) Participation of organized groups of society in the decision-making process for metropolitan planning. This "chain of evidence" included 46 years (1970-2016) and is used to explain two case studies in a narrative sequence: Guadalajara and Monterrey metropolitan areas. Research structure allows characterizing some common stages of planning processes in both cities ranging from State Governments led planning, to the appearance of the federal Government in urban planning arena, to the fragmented planning by municipal governments of the metropolitan areas, to the emergence of coordination and municipal Association. These processes happened in tandem with substantial increase in citizen participation, which functioned as a catalyst of the relationships between state and municipal governments.
The article concludes with possible future scenarios for metropolitan governance considering new institutional frameworks proposed in the new General Law of Human Settlements, Land Use and Urban Development, passed in 2016 by the federal congress.