Who Rules East Europe Commands the Heartland: Mackinder and East Europe

Authors: Brian Blouet*, College Of William and Mary
Topics: Political Geography, Europe
Keywords: mackinder,east europe
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 3:55 PM / 5:35 PM
Room: Diplomat Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


In the 1904 “Geographical Pivot of History,” paper Mackinder identified four powers as contenders for Pivot control: Germany, Russia, China, and Japan. In the 1919 Democratic Ideals and Reality, with East Europe as the focus for Heartland control, the contenders, by proximity, are two: Germany, and the emerging Soviet Union, with the latter described as the weaker. East Europe is the focus because a major British war aim was to prevent Germany remaining in control of Mitteleuropa. Is the Pivot idea now obsolete? No because commentators, and policy makers are sure that Germany intends to become a Middle Eastern and Asiatic power. Brian W. Blouet College of William and Mary

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