The Great Recession and Neighborhood Change in Cincinnati

Authors: Evelyn Ravuri*, Saginaw Valley State University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Urban Geography
Keywords: Neighborhood Change; Great Recession; Cincinnati
Session Type: Lightning Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 3:55 PM / 5:35 PM
Room: Washington 6, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Since the 1980s, neighborhood change studies have focused on upgrading and downgrading of neighborhoods and have spawned a plethora of studies designed to examine this process (Mikelbank, 2011; Wei and Knox 2014; Delmelle, 2017). However, the norm for the past several decades has been neighborhood stability. Once a neighborhood secures its place in the socio-economic structure of that city, it tends to remain there. The Great Recession which began in 2007 had a tremendous impact on the economic vitality of neighborhoods in all cities of the U.S. This paper looks at the effect that the Great Recession had on neighborhood change in Cincinnati (Hamilton County). Hamilton County’s 222 census tracts are classified into five categories based on socio-economic characteristics for 2000, 2010, and 2016. These categories included poor, minority tracts; working-class tracts; gentrifying tracts; middle-class tracts; and elite tracts. The following two questions are posed to begin to study the post-recession neighborhood change process in Cincinnati: 1) Is there a distinct spatial distribution to certain types of neighborhoods? and 2) How have neighborhood classifications changed before, during, and after the Great Recession?

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