Community versus Individual Participation in the making of the Smart City

Authors: Sofia Shwayri*,
Topics: Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: participatory budgeting, participation, smart city, Seoul,
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: 8222, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

As the smart city has become the desired urban form in recent decades, governments worldwide have been using digital technologies to foster participation in solving and managing municipal issues. The continuously evolving form of technology has been paralleled by the evolving form of participation and in the consequent development of this city. Advanced human-centric tools that enable citizen collaboration to address specific megacity needs have been provided by Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) utilizing their constantly evolving Information and Communication Infrastructure to transform Seoul into a smart city able to address the challenges of climate change and economic growth by reworking the relationship of government to its citizens. A wide range of requirements, from the neighborhood level to city-wide developments are addressed in collaboration with citizens and businesses to create smart environments and smart living. Locally, this participation is largely community-based and funded by participatory budgeting, while citywide participation is more individual via their everyday sustainable living within the framework of the national agenda of green growth. This paper details the role of technology in enabling the emergence of different forms of participation in the creation of a uniquely Korean smart city.

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