Community Resilience and External Tourism Investment- an Insight from Panarchy

Authors: Fangfang Chen*, Sun Yat-sen University, Honggang Xu, Sun Yat-sen University
Topics: Tourism Geography, Sustainability Science
Keywords: community resilience, rural, tourism, external investment, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Maryland C, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Although commonly adopted by government to facilitate tourism development, the effect of external investment on local community is recently doubted. It brings develop opportunities but also disturbance on traditional rural communities. To adapt to or even thrive under the impact of external investment, communities needs to be resilient. Thus, this paper investigated rural community resilience when facing a series of changes initiated by external tourism investment. Taken Liupan village in Sanya, Hainan Island as the case, it 1) identified critical events which have significant influence on community development. They are initial investment lead by a state company in 1995 and small business development in the 2010s; 2) analyzed the community’s adaptive strategies. It was found that Liupan village showed low resilience in this developmental process; 3) paid special attention was to the interaction between different levels of systems. To be specific, influence from lower level system (individual household) and higher level system (the destination) were analyzed. It was found that a lack of revolt from the household level and too much controls (remember) from the destination level decreased resilience at community level. This paper contributes to community resilience studies by explaining the role panarchy in resilience building.

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