A Social Network Analysis of Urban Governance in Local Creative Placemaking Project

Authors: Wen Guo*, Ohio State University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Cultural and Political Ecology, Quantitative Methods
Keywords: arts-led urban development, urban governance, social network analysis, cultural policy
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 12:40 PM / 2:20 PM
Room: Roosevelt 4, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The proposed research examines the political dynamics within complicated relationships between members of political coalitions in the federal and local Creative Placemaking (CPM) policy through a mixed-method Social Network Analysis (SNA) approach. Drawing upon the literature on urban arts policy, social network analysis, and the Advocacy Coalition Framework, this study proposes to investigate the three main research inquiries: 1) To identify the research agenda at the intersection of arts-led urban revitalization, policy process, and social network analysis; 2) To analyze the power dynamics of the coalitions involved in a local case of creative placemaking at Franklinton, Columbus, OH based on analysis of the policy network. The research constructs a creative placemaking policy network in Franklinton, Columbus, OH by interviewing and surveying 70 policy actors through a snowball-sampling technique. The network is constituted by administrative staff members or leaders of relevant nonprofits or business organizations, government officials, artists, and politically active individual citizens involved in the Franklinton creative revitalization project in Franklinton. The analysis suggests the following findings: 1) The NEA looks to solve the fragmentation problem of urban development policy system with the arts at the center through strategic power decentralization and diversification. 2) The power of the Franklinton CPM network is exercised in favor of Columbus urban growth agenda in general, while pro-equity coalition and pro-innovation coalition reconcile the dominance of pro-growth coalition. 3) Policy entrepreneurs act as faces of different coalitions, shaping the agenda of Franklinton revitalization collectively with their structural advantages and non-structural strategies.

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