Urban Social Vulnerability Assessment in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Authors: Sheliza Bhanjee*, University of Louisville, Sumei Zhang, University of Louisville
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Urban Geography, Land Use
Keywords: social vulnerability, land use, africa, urban, informal
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Balcony B, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

With projections of intensifying climate hazards globally, planners, particularly those in coastal cities in the Global South, face challenges of addressing various existing and potential vulnerabilities to reduce risk of disaster and loss of life. In contexts such as Dar es Salaam with significant informal land development and urban processes outside of planned systems, the challenges and complexities of planning and implementation of climate mitigation and adaptation measures are evident. Furthermore, there are limitations of reliable multi-temporal data from which to understand urban vulnerabilities in order to direct climate planning and policy in the region, particularly at the local scale. This paper aims to provide a quantitative approach to assessing the social vulnerability of Dar es Salaam at the neighborhood (ward) scale over time using urban-specific social indicators. The assessment takes into account latest informal urban land use data and urban built up area from open sources, as well as data developed by the authors, thereby providing a localized spatial understanding of social vulnerabilities and inequities. Identifying not only planned, but unplanned socially vulnerable areas of the city, especially those areas shown to be vulnerable over time, may provide direction for policymakers and planners to focus efforts and work to reduce risk.

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