Identifying shrinking cities in China from urban network perspective

Authors: Kang Wu*, Capital University of Economics and Business
Topics: China, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: shrinking cities; China; urban network
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8212, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Similar with the western countries, China’s urbanization is building upon a “growth-oriented model”. In this sense, scholars and policy makers are focusing more on urban growth and spatial expansion. Recently, China has entered into a period of “new normal” and faced the supply side reform. Urban shrinkage in terms of population has also emerged in some Chinese cities and regions. Especially, some mining industry cities in Northeast China have been losing their population and are also associating with a weak GDP/local fiscal growth rate. As one of the major challenges that China may confront in the new-type urbanization, urban shrinkage should be regarded as an important issue and concerned by urban economic geographers. In western contexts, a shrinking city is defined as a densely populated urban area with a minimum population of 10,000 residents that has faced population losses in large parts for more than two years and is undergoing economic transformations with some symptoms of a structural crisis. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of China urban system from an alternative way. Based on the dimension of both city size and urban networks, we identify the China cities into four trajectories: primate city, Offline metropolis, wired town and losing cities. Furthermore, we explore the diversity of China shrinking cities from the network perspective.

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