Authors: Daniel Kpienbaareh*, Western University, Iddisah Sulemana, University of Ghana, Isaac Luginaah, Western University
Keywords: Air pollution, corruption, environmental degradation, environmental Kuznets Curve, Sub-Saharan Africa
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 12:40 PM / 2:20 PM
Room: Marshall South, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
This study explored the relationship between corruption and air pollution in African and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. On the one hand, from eliminating poverty and hunger to reducing inequalities and combating climate change, and in pursuit of sustainable development across the globe, each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals is anchored on the environment and environmental sustainability. This is because world leaders, policymakers and academics recognize that environmental degradation has deleterious consequences for human health and well-being. On the other hand, corruption hurts prosperity and negatively affects many social, economic and political phenomena. While a limited number of studies have examined the association between corruption and air pollution, studies on this relationship for Sub-Saharan Africa are lacking. Accordingly, we employed an unbalanced panel data of 48 Sub-Saharan African countries and 34 OECD countries for the period 1996-2014 to examine the effect of corruption on air pollution. We found evidence of a positive association between particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions in both African and OECD countries and a negative association between corruption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for both samples.