The Prospects of Sustainable Migration Policy: Is Sweden Still the Perfect Place?

Authors: Alexis Mulkey*, University of Texas at Austin
Topics: Europe, Migration, Political Geography
Keywords: sustainability, migration, integration
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download



Despite the extensive usage of sustainability in the human development policy in Sweden , sustainability lacks a concise, operationalizable definition that can utilized to improve human development. This analysis argues that the definition of sustainability by the World Commission on the Environment and Development: Our Common Future has limited value in human development and must be revised. To further understanding of sustainability in human development, this analysis examines sustainability in the context of migrants. This paper elaborates on the concepts, implications, and prospects of “sustainable migration” and integration of non-Western immigrants into Sweden. In order to further distinguish “sustainable migration” and integration from traditional practices, a synthetic control method of analysis is employed in order to assess what would have occurred if the policy was not adopted in 2009. To determine if sustainable integration is operationalizable, this analysis examines to what extent sustainable migration policy causes a change in the rate of integration of non-western immigrants in Sweden over a period of time between the year 2009 till 2018. By examining sustainable migration with this methodology, it allows one to determine if “sustainable migration” is a desirable policy and a policy that can be generalizable to other countries. Lastly, it allows us to further our understanding about the components that make a policy sustainable, which will allow policy-makers to construct policy that is both long-lasting and malleable with time.

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