Male Partner Alcohol Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against Women in Ghana: A geographical perspective – GWR

Authors: Ortis Yankey*, Kent State University, Prince M Amegbor, Queens University, Mark Rosenberg, Queens University
Topics: Women, Applied Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: GWR, alcohol abuse, intimate partner violence, Ghana, women
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Marshall South, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Abuse of alcohol by intimate male partners has been identified as a major risk factor for intimate partner violence against women. Globally, it is estimated that about 30% of ever-partnered women have experienced some form of IPV – physical assault, sexual assault or emotional abuse. The prevalence of IPV in sub-Saharan Africa is considerably higher than global estimates; as high as 68% in some countries. In Ghana, it is estimated that 24% of women have experienced physical and/or sexual IPV in their lifetime. Using estimates from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey Data, we employed geographically weighted regression analysis to examine spatial variations in the relationship between male partner’s alcohol abuse and IPV among women in Ghana. We fitted three models to assess the relationship using a step-wise approach. The first model has alcohol abuse as the only predictor while the second model included other male partner characteristics, such as post-secondary education and employment status. The final introduced female characteristics as additional covariates. The OLS model (final model) explained ~6% of the variation in IPV occurrence with an AICc value 1148.768. The local or GWR model (final model) explained ~11% of the variance in IPV in Ghana with an AICc value of 1138.212. The relationship between alcohol abuse and IPV varied significantly (0.05%) across Ghana. The results show that the effect of alcohol abuse on IPV was elevated in the western part of Ghana. The GWR provide empirical support for local interventions to reduce IPV among women in Ghana.

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