Evaluation of the Basic Public Services of Wuhan City Based on National Geographic Conditions Monitoring Data

Authors: Minghai Luo*, Wuhan Geomatics Institute, Jing Luo, The College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University, Jiansong Li, School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Guangping Chen, The College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University
Topics: Geography and Urban Health, Applied Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Wuhan city, Basic public services, National geographic conditions, Geological survey, Big data
Session Type: Guided Poster
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 2:35 PM / 4:15 PM
Room: Roosevelt 3.5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

The evaluation of basic public services (BPS) generally refers to assess their overall content and equalization levels via the statistical indices per capita and accessibilities. In this study, we evaluated the BPS in Wuhan, including fundamental education, medical and health care, and welfare facilities in different scales with National Geographic Conditions Monitoring (NGCM) data and socio-economic statistical data. Firstly, the total amount of contents and service levels per thousand people were calculated globally. Secondly, the coverage and convenience of BPS were explored with spatial data to evaluate their equalization at a meso level. Thirdly, the spatial variations happening in the central urban zones, suburban districts and rural areas are analyzed. On this basis, we conducted studies on the issues in the evaluation of BPS at a finer scale by using some geographic survey and big data methods, including the differences between the registered citizens and permanent population and its impact on the evaluation of fundamental education, the divergences among intraregional service, cross-regional service and cross-city radiation of different level medical institutions, and the diversities among the reasons for aging, the composition of the elderly population, and their demand for welfare guarantee in urban and rural areas. In particular, the “hollow villages” in rural areas are recognized and their social background are concerned. On the whole, this study explored new approachs for the evaluation of BPS, which overcomes the shortcomings of traditional research from a global view, and reveals the detailed differences of BPS at a micro level.

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