Do housing estates play a different role for ethnic groups? Ethnic differences in life course mobility and its impact on neighbourhood change in large housing estates in Tallinn, Estonia

Authors: Kadi Mägi*,
Topics: Urban Geography, Ethnic Geography
Keywords: Housing estates, ethnic minorities, life course
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Maryland B, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

There is persisting ethnic clustering in European cities (e.g., Musterd 2005; Tammaru et al 2016). Clustering can be further reinforced by differences in demographic behaviour of ethnic groups (Finney and Simpson 2009). In addition, the effects of mobility patterns on neighbourhood change can be different depending on ethnic groups involved (Finney 2013). The socio-ethnic decline comparable to West-European cities has not yet been the case in CEE post-socialist housing estates (HEs). The almost full-extent privatization of dwellings, the major role of HEs in the housing market, and the different character of immigration play an important role in these different outcomes. Yet, many HEs already experience social infiltration and increasing ethnic minority concentration. Studies carried out so far have usually treated social and ethnic categories as homogeneous groups, while neglecting the role of age and life course differences in social and residential mobility patterns. HEs in post-socialist cities follow different residential trajectories, partly because they are in different life course phases. Based on a study on Tallinn in Estonia, we aim to trace these different neighbourhood life course trajectories based on long-term changes (2000–2017) in HEs, and investigate how micro-level residential mobility patterns contribute to neighbourhood changes. The results reveal that replacement of ethnic minorities by native young households takes place in the inner city HEs, whereas rapid 'family flight' of natives takes place in suburban HEs, while 'affordability' and social environment attracts non-native families. HEs becoming 'springboards' for native young, but more permanent housing solution for ethnic minorities.

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