Interactions of payments for ecosystem services with land use change and labor migration

Authors: Qi Zhang*, Boston University, Shiqi Tao, Michigan State University, Xiaodong Chen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Conghe Song, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chong Liu, Jiangxi Normal University, Stephen J. Walsh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Ying Wang, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Richard E. Bilsborrow, Carolina Population Center
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Coupled Human and Natural Systems, China
Keywords: land use, labor migration, payment for ecosystem services, forest livelihoods, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Cabinet Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

To combat soil and water erosion, China implemented a series of new forest policies, including the Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program (CCFP) and the Ecological Welfare Forest Program (EWFP), both of which adopted the Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) approach. Exploring ecological and socio-economic outcomes of the two forest policies is of critical importance to PES sustainability. Most previous studies did not to take into account of feedbacks in human-environment nexus, and hence were incapable of predicting reliable PES outcomes. Therefore, this study aims to develop a model that stimulates causes, effects and feedbacks between human behavior (rural out-migration) and land use change (cropland abandonment), and projects the emerging patterns using the case of CCFP and EWFP in rural Anhui, China. The overall goal is to answer the question: Whether can PES conservation sustain in the future? The developed model will be used for policy scenario test, comparing social-ecological outcomes between current and alternative PES payment schemes. The results will be informative for improving the efficiency of conservation investment.

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