Mapping Super-Diverse Routes of Immigrant Women To an In Chile

Authors: Sondra Cuban*, Western Washington University
Topics: Migration, Latin America, Gender
Keywords: Chile, women immigrants
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8210, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Chile’s ‘economic jaguar’ reputation throughout Latin America has made it a new destination
country for immigrants (Arostegui, 2018). Although Santiago is a major gateway, other Chilean
cities are fast becoming “super-diverse” (Vertovec, 2007) immigrant entryways. One of them is
Temuco in the south-central region of the country, Araucanía, and in the Cautín province. An
industrial city, it is best known as an urban Mapuche center and place of conflict (Warren, 2016).
As Santiago’s immigrant niche economy and social environment has become more competitive,
immigrants are moving south to locate cheaper housing, better jobs, and livelihoods. This paper
draws data from a Fulbright study conducted in 2017 in Temuco, Chile of fifty immigrant
women, mostly from Latin American countries, and the maps they designed as part of their daily
movements and worlds. The paper uses a mobilities lens (Urry, 2007; Sheller, 2014) and transethnography
to visually capture the multi-sited ethnographic data of the researcher interacting
w/participants in Temuco and the surrounding areas, as well as Mapuche, and Chilean citizens.
The maps, analyzed through an online mapping system, Mapme, tell rich stories about the routes
the participants took to get to Temuco, about the super-diverse streets they traversed (by bus,
cars, walking, and collectivos) and worked as well as the immigrant ghettos in which they lived.
This, combined with their senses of safety and accessibility, in public and domestic spaces, are
superimposed by symbolic and intimate representations of lines, boxes, and colorful organic

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