Authors: William Doolittle*, University of Texas - Austin
Topics: Latin America, Transportation Geography
Keywords: Port cities, Veracruz, Mexico
Session Type: Poster
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
The city of Veracruz is Mexico’s oldest port. Until the mid-20th century, it was the country’s most important port in terms of both exports and imports. The discovery of oil led other cities replacing it in importance in terms of exports, first Tampico and later Coatzacoalcos. The rugged and steep Sierra Madre Oriental between Veracruz and Mexico CIty, always an obstacle to the transportation of goods, resulted in the Port of Houston eventually becoming the principal break-in-bulk point for Mexico’s non-petroleum exports and imports. To correct this situation, Mexico began improving its infrastructure. The first stage involved improving the highways connecting the city of Veracruz to the capital city where more than 20 percent of the country’s population resides. The second stage involved improving the port facility itself. The transformation is nearly complete. This presentation documents this important economic development.