Understanding dockless bikeshare mode as a feeder to metro

Authors: Yuanyuan GUO*, , Sylvia Ying HE, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Topics: Transportation Geography, Urban and Regional Planning, China
Keywords: dockless bikeshare; metro transit; mode choice; accessibility; availability
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Congressional B, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Along with the popularity of dockless bikeshare (also known as “Fifth-generation” bikeshare) across the world, it provides a more flexible and efficient feeder mode to connect with transit and promote achievement of transit-city. On the basis of daily parking data of OFO, this paper is aimed at building up a framework of measuring the integrated usage between dockless bikeshare and metro. OD analysis was conducted based on the variation of bikes location, followed by a route analysis under the support of AMAP API. And the valid usage was identified by comparing the relationship between the distance of OD and route. Meanwhile, Kernel density analysis was applied to identify the parking areas, namely “parking ring”. According to the number of origin and destination point falling into “parking ring”, the measurement of integrated usage was reached. The spatial-temporal integrated usage of “bikeshare-metro” indicated that: (1) integrated usage centralize at suburban areas that are close to city center, followed by urban center areas and exurban areas; (2) access type of integrated usage was dominant at suburban, while egress type was popular at urban center areas. And the trip distance of riding at suburban was much longer than that at urban center; (3) integrated usage was commonly adopted by transit users at morning/evening peak time and shows a characteristic like a “tide”, that is the usage at suburban was more centralized than urban center at morning peak time but it turned to be opposite at evening peak time.

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