A Study on the living supports and communities of the Public Housing Densely Inhabited by Foreigners in Japan

Authors: SHUANG WANG*, University of Tsukuba, Sayaka Fujii, University of Tsukuba
Topics: Immigration/Transnationalism, Human-Environment Geography, Land Use
Keywords: immigrant,foreigner,public housing,living support
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8217, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The number of immigrants and refugees worldwide especially in traditional immigrant countries has dramatically increased over the past few years, resulting in a corresponding rise of problems. As for Japan, a country which has a reputation of non-immigration policy among developed countries, there is also a continuously growing number of foreigners due to serious population ageing and had a precedent of introducing foreigner labor.
According to the author’s survey based on the small area data of the Japan National Population Census in 2015, large number of foreigners live in the public housing. However, little attention has been paid to these foreigners public housing with relatively low immigrant ratio and less number. The supports they can get are only Japanese language class, consultation for foreigners, etc. Thus, the purpose of this study is to unveil the living situation of foreigners in Japan by investigating the living supports and the main activities of the support, as well as the implementing conditions of multicultural policy.
In conclusion, it is found in this study that the public housing whose foreigner ratio is over 40% and a large number of foreign populations has been attracted more attention from the government and the Japanese resident, also have more local communities. On the contrary, those whose foreigner ratio is below 20% and less foreign population is more forgettable in foreigner affairs. In addition, the municipal governments of cities with more foreigners usually adopt more comprehensive and effective multicultural policies.

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