Modelling Disaster Risk Reduction through a human ecology approach

Authors: Fausto Marincioni*, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Alessandra Colocci, Università Politecnica delle Marche
Topics: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Cultural and Political Ecology, Environment
Keywords: Disaster Risk Reduction, Political and Human Ecology, Social-Ecological System
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Balcony B, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The Earth ecosystem we inhabit is extremely complex, interconnected and fragile, but we still hardly acknowledge the impact of human activities on it. Indeed, our everyday life is determined by a continuous adjustment between human actions and nature’s feedback, with the ongoing climate changes being a strong example. A particularly dire consequence of the current environmental changes are disasters, which ensues from increasing impacts of extreme natural events on vulnerable human infrastructures. Because such disasters take place in complex social-ecological systems, effective risk governance and emergency management require multi-scale approaches involving processes occurring in different sub-systems (human or natural). Therefore, models able to depict such multifaceted complex systems are becoming relevant. One such model is "Panarchy," which was developed to explain social-ecological processes (Gunderson & Holling, 2002), but soon gained a wider purpose. The application of the Panarchy model to Disaster Risk Reduction can help to better understand how destructive processes can escalate from a sub-system to another, and backwards. Furthermore, highlighting the crucial role played by human decisions in creating vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards, such model can provide clues for risk governance and resilience requirements.

REFERENCES:
Gunderson, L. H., and C.S. Holling, eds. 2002. Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems. Washington, DC: Island Press.

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