Climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience planning in Michigan: experience of the past 10 years.

Authors: Elena Lioubimtseva*, Grand Valley State University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Sustainability Science, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: climate change, planning, small cities, community sustainability, mainstreaming, indicators, local governments
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Cleveland 1, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This study provides analysis of climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience planning at the state and local level in the state of Michigan. Since the publication of Michigan Climate Action Plan (MCAP) in 2009, a growing number of towns, cities, and counties have adopted local climate plans. The pool of planning documents, examined here, includes climate action (or climate change mitigation) plans (e.g. Traverse City, 2011; Ann Arbor, 2012; Detroit, 2017), climate change adaptation plans (e.g. Marquette, 2013; Benton Harbor and Saint Joseph, 2013), climate resilience (or resiliency) plans (e.g. Grand Rapids, 2013; Grand Haven, 2016), one integrated climate change mitigation and adaptation plan (Alger County, 2011), and one climate sustainability plan (East Lansing, 2012), which combines climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience planning. In addition, elements of climate planning are increasingly integrated in the local sustainability plans (Grand Rapids, 2016), energy plans (Holland, 2011), and master plans (Beaver Island, 2016; Ludington, 2016). More cities turn to mainstreaming climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience in their existing documents. There is a growing need in more uniform planning frameworks to coordinate these actions. We have developed a uniform multi-criteria evaluation system to facilitate comparison and assessment of municipal climate plans, particularly relevant for small and mid-size cities. The system comprises 25 quality indicators of climate planning process, derived from the national and international agencies and scholarly literature. Recommendations are offered for successful coordination of the local plans and replication of the best practices in climate planning in Michigan and nation-wide.

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