Water Insecurity in Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area: analyzing the case of Campos Elíseos in Duque de Caxias municipality

Authors: Ana Britto*, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Suyá Quintslr, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Cleonice Puggian, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Bianca Silva, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca
Topics: Water Resources and Hydrology, Urban and Regional Planning, Environment
Keywords: water services management, water security, political ecology
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Balcony A, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper presents the results of qualitative and quantitative researches (303 questionnaires applied in the field) with the objective of evaluating the quality of access to water in the neighborhood of Campos Elíseos in Duque de Caxias, Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. We adopted the perspective of the political ecology of water, which insists on the socially produced character of water insecurity and seeks to redefine water security.
In this neighborhood where one of Brazil’s biggest petrochemical pole is located (REDUC- Petrobras), only 21,64% of households have access to the water supply system, even though there is a water pipe built to bring raw water to the petrochemical pole. It is a poor neighborhood. Inhabitants use two major forms to have access to water: wells and irregular connections in the REDUC water pipe. As there are only few areas in Campos Elíseos that have sewage collection, the risk of well water contamination is high. The research includes 69 bacteriological analyzes of water from wells located in Campos Elíseos area. Another kind of contamination is chemical, from many oil pipelines existing in this neighborhood due to petrochemical pole. Further analyses of wells water are been made, to evaluate possibility of contamination from BTEX. It is possible to build a link between water security and water justice in this case. Historically public water policies have privileged access for industrial production, neglecting residents needs; solutions that the residents find to have access to water leads to a context of water insecurity.

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