Riverbank Erosion in Coastal Bangladesh: Explaining Respondents Mobility using Community Capital Framework (CCF) Model and Place Attachment Concept.

Authors: Bimal Paul*, Kansas State University, Munshi Rahman, University of Wisconsin, Eau Clare, Thomas Crawford, Virginia Tech University, Scott Curtis, East Carolina University, Giashuddin Miah, Bangabandu Agricultural University, Bangladesh, Rafiqul Islam, Bangabandu Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Population Geography
Keywords: Riverbank Erosion, Coastal Bangladesh, Community Capital Framework, Place attachment, Mobility
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Cabinet Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Information collected from questionnaire survey, Focus Group Meetings (FGMs), and key personnel interviews reveal that people of three highly vulnerable areas in coastal Bangladesh rarely migrate to other districts because of intense riverbank erosion. When they lost their homes due to bank erosion, they rebuild their homes in nearby areas. This action is explained using the Community Capital Framework (CCF) Model and Place Attachment concept. The CCF asserts that overall resilience from a disaster comes from focusing on the assets in place prior to the exposure to danger across multiple dimensions such as environmental, human, social, and political capitals. These capitals overlap each other. For example, abundant natural capital can easily translate into financial capital, which, in turn, creates for a strong set of built capital, if there is political capital to administer resources. Displaced people in the study area tend to remains in the local area because of ties to the surrounding communities, and abundant natural resources in terms of availability of river-based livelihoods, fresh and formalin free fish and vegetables, and pure air. Local people are generous to provide free land for building homes, and they receive financial support from local and national governments. All these make them strong attachment to the locality and therefore they hesitate to move distant unknown places.

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