Authors: Jack Harris*,
Topics: Economic Geography
Keywords: cluster, path creation
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Marriott Ballroom Salon 1, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
This paper compares the strategies of entrepreneur and government actors in the London and Singapore software clusters, who have endeavoured to incorporate themselves increasingly into the globalised software industry. The study explores the co-evolution between both global and local software industries, and how moments of path creation within these clusters have reshaped this co-evolution, re-positioning the clusters' position in the global software industry.
I explore how London took advantage of first mover opportunities to establish itself as the European software hub and ensured it maintained this position by acting as the gateway between the US and Europe, reinforcing this position over time through coordinated community and government action. Similarly, Singapore took advantage of first mover opportunities to establish it as the main hub in South East Asia but has since required strong government action to reconfigure its role due to its small domestic market, acting as a platform for software firms to spread their business to other locations in Asia and the US through partnerships with these locations. The paper contributes to an understanding of how different actors can path create, and how this process is influenced by the changing local capacities of clusters and their position within global industries and networks.