Is there an Urban Heat Island in Farmville, VA?

Authors: Dillon Tennis, Longwood University, Christopher Labosier*, Longwood University
Topics: Climatology and Meteorology, Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: urban climate, urban canopy layer, mapping
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Urban heat islands (UHI) are characterized as urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than the surrounding rural areas. The urban landscape, with low albedo surfaces, heat-generating infrastructure, and decreased evapotranspiration, results in local energy budget changes and contributes to the formation of UHIs. Remote sensing has proven a useful tool for examining UHIs but can be limited in its spatial and temporal resolution. To provide an additional tool to understand and address UHIs, resolution at the sub-block and hourly spatiotemporal scale is necessary. This acknowledges that UHIs vary across space and time. The purpose of this project is to employ high spatiotemporal temperature and locational data to map the UHI in Farmville, Virginia. Mobile transects, and fixed-point locations are used to collect temperature data. Preliminary results suggest more specific locations of increased (and decreased) temperatures allowing urban planners to specifically address those locations with the addition of shade vegetation, for instance.

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