Cultural and Physical Changes in Cities in Globalization Era; Case Study of Tehran City

Authors: Faizeh Hatami*,
Topics: Cultural Geography, Global Change
Keywords: globalization, culture, power distance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: 8216, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Globalization has been the most effective factor in urban changes in recent times in political, economic, and social dimensions. Based on their characteristics, cities worldwide have been differently affected by globalization. One of the globalization dimensions is the cultural dimension which makes cities change faster than other dimensions. As form and function are the two main elements of cities, urban culture and physical structure affect each other reciprocally. In this research in addition to studying globalization concept and its cultural dimension, cultural changes in the city of Tehran were studied in three variables of “power distance”, “individualism versus collectivism”, and “masculinity versus femininity” by using the cultural dimensions theory. Results indicate an increase in power distance, individualism, and femininity in Tehran within the last forty years. Likewise, physical changes studied in Tehran related to these cultural variables indicate a similar trend; an increase in urban segregation and spatial inequality, transition of urban public space to private space, transition of traditional introversion to extroversion in structure of city and neighborhoods, and increase in people’s preference for quality of life. Overall, this research concludes that the city of Tehran is still far from global cities network and has only been affected in the cultural dimension so far.

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