Household water insecurity, seasonality, and public health challenges in urban Mexico: A cross-sectional study in Torreon

Authors: Genny Carrillo*, Texas A&M University School of Public Health, Wendy Jepson, Texas A&M University College of Geoscienes, Javier Moran Martinez, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila Unidad Torreon, Escuela de Medicina, Alejandra Lopez Guerrero, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila Unidad Torreon, Escuela de Psicologia, Felipe Uribe Salas, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Piedras Negras, Coahuila.
Topics: Water Resources and Hydrology, Medical and Health Geography, Environment
Keywords: Household Water insecurity, water-related disease, Mexico
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Balcony A, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The relationship between water insecurity and public health, however, is less clear. It is well known that the lack of clean water negatively affects human health. Water insecurity, as understood at the household or individual level, is a holistic condition when at least one of these variables of water provision (affordability, reliability, adequacy, and safety) is significantly reduced or unattainable. We hypothesized that this reduction, in turn, threatens or jeopardizes wellbeing. However, the research community is only at the initial phases to explicitly measure between water insecurity and human health outcomes. Our research question is: what is the relationship between water insecurity and water-related disease? Does seasonality impact this relationship? This study employs a complete survey that includes several modules, including the Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) module, food insecurity metric (HFIAS), public health questions, and a perceived stress questions. The survey was administered twice (dry and wet seasons) in ten neighborhoods (low and low-medium communities) in Torreon, Mexico. This paper presents an overview of results.

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