Rethinking Elderly Migration: Elderly Migration Analysis with Long-term Care Facility Data in GA, USA

Authors: Xuan Zhang*, University of Georgia, Lan Mu, University of Gerogia , Jerry Shannon, University of Georgia
Topics: Geography and Urban Health, Geographic Information Science and Systems, Disabilities
Keywords: Elderly people, Migration, Long-term care (LTC)
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Madison A, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Elderly migration is closely related to the characteristics of the destination and the senior themselves. Research has shown that senior migration is associated with the socioeconomic status, healthcare accessibility, and public policy in particular. However, few studies have included the capacity and availability of long-term care facilities to see how it is related to the migration decision. This project aims to explore the possible effects of facility availability and many other destination locational characteristics. Focusing on Georgia, this paper uses long-term care facility data, hospital data, crime rate, along with other commonly used socioeconomic variables to identify the association with the elderly migration data from the Census Bureau. At the county-level, we visualize the hot spots of the LTC facilities (four types) distribution, and the interstate and intrastate migration patterns. We use the multiple linear regression for all elderly migration, intrastate, and interstate migration, in order to notice the possible difference. The result shows that long-term care beds availability, hospital availability, crime rate, median house value, and wealthy proportion of the destination county are positively associated with senior migration, but slightly different for two migration groups.

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