Changes of Influencing Factors of Residential Home-Work Separation in Beijing -- Verification Based on Activity Dairy Survey in 2007 and 2017

Authors: Chunjiang Li*, Peking University, Yan Zhang, Beijing Union University, Yanwei Chai, Peking University
Topics: Urban Geography, Transportation Geography, China
Keywords: commute, home-work separation, comparative study, Beijing
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Congressional B, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper uses the survey data of Beijing residents in 2007 and 2017 to compare influencing factors of urban residential home-work separation in two different years, in order to catch the urban spatial development and institutional evolution in the past decade. The socio-economic attributes of individuals and families, institutional factors and built environment are generally regarded as three major categories of factors that affect the residential home-work separation. First of all, three types of factors are put into the model one by one, to analyze home-work separation of residents in Beijing in 2017. It is found that social and economic factors such as income and education are significantly related to home-work separation, while demographic factors such as gender and age have no significant effect, indicating the role of marketization is stronger. The institutional factors like hukou, employment and community types are still significant. Locations, as a built environmental factor, has significant correlation. Secondly, same variables are used to analyze home-work separation in both 2007 and 2017, and we find that the role of institutional factors has decreased significantly, and location factor changes from insignificant to significant. These results enhance the conclusion that decreasing influence of institutional factors, increasing role of marketization and built environment. Finally, adjusted regress model, which includes new built environment factors, shows population density and ratio of employment and housing in 2017 are significantly related with home-work separation. This provides evidence to the fact that improvement of urban planning and built environment can reduce residential home-work separation.

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