Environmental justice of public green space based on population difference: Implications from Hangzhou, China

Authors: Xiaodan Ge*, Department of Urban and Rural Plannning, Zhejiang University, Yonghua Li, Department of Urban and Rural Plannning, Zhejiang University, Haiyan Pang, Department of Urban and Rural Plannning, Zhejiang University, Qiwei Ma, Department of Urban and Rural Planning, Zhejiang University
Topics: Social Geography, Population Geography
Keywords: public green space, environmental justice, accessibility, equity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Cabinet Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Public green space (PGS) provides ecosystem services to promote health and wellbeing of people, and the need for equal accessibility to PGS has arouse concern with the people’s requirement of higher living environment. The case study of Hangzhou aims to test (1) different social groups’ accessibility to PGS, (2) the major factors that influence the inequality of PGS, (3) to what extent is the inequality exiting within the different social groups or marginalized population from the perspective of environmental justice. Population are divided according to gender (male and female), age (under 15 and over 65) and Hukou (with and without). A Gaussian-based two-step floating catchment area method was adapted at the sub-district level to assess the spatial accessibility, which was an indicator of the distributional equality of PGS. Results show that the accessibility to public green space was not evenly distributed in different social groups. There is a positive relationship between the accessibility of PGS and the total retail sales of consumer goods increases. However, unemployment rate has the negative effect on social groups’ accessibility to PGS, particularly in terms of the old population and the population without Hukou. The inequality of PGS is much more conspicuous between the population with Hukou groups than the other two groups. It can be referred that the disadvantaged and marginalized people have difficulty accessing to public parks. The findings promote the decision-making in planning PGS.

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