Using housing prices variation to classify environmental inequity in Beijing

Authors: Junhao Zhou*, Key Laboratory for Urban Habitat Environmental Science and Technology, School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, PR China., Jiansheng Wu, Key Laboratory for Urban Habitat Environmental Science and Technology, School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, PR China.
Topics: China, Environment
Keywords: environmental inequity, housing price variation, air pollution, demographic characteristics
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: Balcony A, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Environmental equity is a subject receiving increased interest from both researchers and policymakers in the last few decades. Different studies have proposed various methods and have concluded that vulnerable groups are exposed to more environmental hazards. Here we seek to using housing prices variation with air pollution to show a different perspective about environmental inequity in Beijing. The results show that the rich living in the central city have housing prices that are overvalued in terms of environmental equity, while the population living in the northern peripheral city receive undeserved profit due to low housing prices. At the chronic and acute exposure scales, we classify three types of districts by using pollution only and using the entropy of housing prices and air pollution. The central urban areas are classified as forward inequity districts, and the populations have the characteristics as higher older proportion, higher education level, and higher population density. Purchasers should aim at the houses in equity or reverse inequity districts for more worthy investment. Government are encouraged to regulate the housing market for improve environmental equity and sustainable development of Beijing.

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