Evaluating Port city's Hinterland by Inflow-Outflow Model: A case of Xiamen

Authors: Ruoyan Zhang*,
Topics: China
Keywords: Port of Xiamen, port hinterland, degree of membership, export similarity, coupling analysis
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: 8229, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Ports are hubs of resource distribution in the era of globalization and important platforms that connect to “flow spaces”, including global trade, logistics and supply channels. As competition in global trade intensifies, managing and expanding port hinterland areas have become the keys to ensuring the competitiveness of ports. Academic literature on the subject has tended to concentrate on measuring port hinterland areas based on traffic, without considering trade flows in the context of globalization. This paper attempts to construct an inflow-outflow model based on the previous literature as well as analyze the evolution of the Port of Xiamen’s hinterland areas based on the port’s trade data, covering 342 prefecture-level cities in China and 198 countries. This study finds the following: first, as the Port of Xiamen has expanded its trading relations, it has optimized its structure, become more competitive, and exerted greater pull over its hinterland areas; second, the hinterland areas adjacent to the Port of Xiamen form a stable, concentrated zone around the port, but it also has some scattered inland economic hinterland areas; third, based on the inflow-outflow model, the hinterland of the Port of Xiamen can be divided into four categories, namely absolute core hinterland areas, potential core hinterland areas, absolute radial hinterland areas and potential radial hinterland areas. This study also finds that, in the case of the Port of Xiamen in particular, the trading market dependence of hinterland areas is greater than their trade structure dependence.

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