Climate adaptability of vernacular buildings in complex terrain in Southwest China

Authors: Derong Kong*, Tsinghua University
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Sustainability Science, Cultural Geography
Keywords: terrain, climate, adaptability, vernacular buildings, diversity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Cleveland 1, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The topography and climate conditions in southwest China are complex and changeable. Meanwhile, there are a large number of different types of vernacular buildings in this area, which show different degrees of terrain and climate adaptability. With their different social, economic and cultural conditions, each of the vernacular buildings showed a sensitive and appropriate response to the climate and topography. Although the climate has its own thermal zoning, under the influence of complex topography, the climate is affected by altitude and mountain, showing varying degrees of local microclimate environment change.

Architecture is part of the human built environment, acts as a shelter for people from danger and extreme weather. But also keeps people off the natural ground to achieve an acceptable built ground for life. For different vernacular buildings in southwest China, they are adapting to the geographical environment and climate in different ways.While there are other diverse factors that require a response from the local people and their built environment, in order to carry out an effective and targeted analysis within a limited space and time, Therefore, the analysis of this paper focuses on the local climate affected by the topography.

In this paper, a large number of different vernacular buildings in southwest China will be analyzed from the weather and topography. It is expected that through the vertical comparison of different cultural settlements and the horizontal comparison of different climatic and geographical environments, some common regional characteristics can be obtained on the basis of their respective regional specificity.

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