A spatial optimization approach for siting Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

Authors: Kamyoung Kim*, Kyungpook National University
Topics: Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Medical and Health Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Spatial Optimization, health, spatial analysis, GIS
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Roosevelt 4, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is a first-aid device used for cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest. According to studies in the emergency medical field,, the survival rate of a patient drops sharply if cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED are delayed after a cardiac arrest. In Korea, with the growing awareness that the use of AEDs is directly related to the patient's life, it has become compulsory to install AEDs in public and multi-use facilities. The golden time of using AED is usually estimated to be 4 minutes. It is very important that users have easy access to AED because they have to take and use the AED within a limited time. Therefore, the location of the AED is very important. Therefore, when installing an AED, its location is a very important consideration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the service area of the installed AED meets the spatially distributed demand and to identify the area where a new AED needs to be installed using a spatial optimization approach. The case study area is Daegu Metropolitan City.

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