A missing citizen? Issue-based citizenship in city-regional planning

Authors: Jouni Hakli*, Tampere University, Kirsi P Kallio, Tampere University, Olli Ruokolainen, Tampere University
Topics: Political Geography, Urban and Regional Planning, Europe
Keywords: citizenship, status, acts, participation, planning, city-regions, relational space
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Ambassador Ballroom, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


City-regions are significant sites of economic development, policy-making, and everyday living. Yet in many countries they are weakly institutionalized and therefore lack established democratic practices. This presentation is based on a study employing knowledge co-production to explore citizen participation in city-regional planning in Finland, where traditional participatory means have largely failed to invite and involve citizens. The analysis approaches city-regions relationally, as evolving processes with a changing spatial shape and scope. Through the notion of lived citizenship, including the dimensions of status, practices and acts, the paper reveals how the dominant ideas of citizenship in city-regional planning hide from view elements that are significant for citizen participation. Whereas people’s rights to participation can largely be fulfilled on a territorial basis in municipalities and states through legal membership in political communities, in the context of weakly institutionalized city-regional planning such status-based forms of participation are typically not available. This vagueness has created an image of a missing city-regional citizenry, which the presentation sets out to challenge and rework in dialogue with professional planners.

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