Strategic Non-Urban Space Towards Planetary Urbanization : A Perspective from Indonesia

Authors: Isnu Putra Pratama*, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Haryo Winarso, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Delik Hudalah, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ibnu Syabri, Institut Teknologi Bandung
Topics: Urban Geography, Urban and Regional Planning, Asia
Keywords: Non-Urban Space, Planetary Urbanization, Foreign Direct Investment, Indonesia
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Cleveland 2, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Contemporary urban phenomena have been captured in an enthusiastic debate. Although it still raises theoretical and practical questions, Planetary Urbanization has become one of the foremost theories that attempt to explain the phenomenon of modern global capitalism across geographical spaces both in urban and non-urban contexts. In recent years, the central government of Indonesia has begun monitoring the flow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) that has left the urbanized island of Java and has spread to the outer islands that are dominated by non-urban areas. Industrial activity that receives FDI has moved from city center to the hinterland and countryside. This paper explains how non-urban space in Indonesia takes a strategic role in acquiring FDI compared to its major cities. We conducted spatial analysis on investment data in every city and regency in the past ten years. Taking the case study on North Sumatera Province, which has a massive bundle of infrastructure investments, the results of this study indicates that the non-urban space becomes not only globally connected but also related with that the role of the central government in the urbanization process. The central government has a prominent role in accelerating investment and development of infrastructure networks in order to support global markets in non-urban space. Urbanization process is not only special to the space called cities, but all spaces that contribute to urban growth. As the result, the age of urbanization with planetary scale becomes closer to reality.

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