Prerequisites for location and differentiation of innovative industries in Poland

Authors: Wioletta Kilar*, Pedagogical University of Cracow
Topics: Economic Geography, East Europe
Keywords: innovative industries, IT, Poland
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: 8223, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The purpose of the paper is to present factors supporting and limiting location of innovative companies in Poland, with a particular emphasis on the IT and biotech industries. In the paper, the author also presents the degree to which innovative industries are differentiated in Poland. The author employed several methods when working on the paper: desk research, survey and analysis of the literature on the subject; observation of participants during several meetings related to the research. Factors supporting localisation of the industries in Poland include, first and foremost, the human factor (in particular: demographic conditions; eagerness to learn and expand their competences demonstrated by employees; entrepreneurial approach shown by those on the labour market, well-educated pool of human resources), economic factors (slightly lower labour costs, lower salaries) and the technological environment (improving ICT and transportation infrastructure). Obstacles to the location and development of innovative industries, including, in particular the IT and biotech, include the public spending on research and development (the public R&D budget) as well as time and effort-consuming administrative procedures. In consequence, an increasing number of small companies, which typically start off as start-ups, choose Poland. Large corporations, who recognise the huge potential for growing these industries available in Poland, are also happy to choose Poland as a location for their branches and external offices (including their R&D centres). Small enterprises and the branches have many links and connections ensuring complementarity of their operations and offers.

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