Authors: Kelvin Kamnde*, Public
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Remote Sensing, Natural Resources
Keywords: Natural resources, Sustainability, Partnerships, Spatial analysis
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Roosevelt 3, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
To address the sustainability of natural resources in developing countries, new partnerships have been formed, which combine donors, government, community-based organizations, NGOs, business, certification agencies and other intermediaries. Which configurations of these partnerships deliver the best sustainability outcomes? This study focuses on spatial analyses that involve GIS, remote sensing and statistical techniques to measure resource status before and after the establishment of these partnerships, as applied to three key natural resource sectors in Tanzania (wildlife, coastal and forestry resources). For coastal resources, the study assesses the condition of coral reef, mangrove and coastal land resources in Mtwara rural district in relation to the establishment of a Marine Park and of Beach Management Units. In wildlife resources, it assesses human activities, habitat condition, habitat fragmentation, vegetation and crop change in Rufiji district in relation to the establishment of Wildlife Management Areas. In forest resources, it assesses the condition of Coastal forest, Miombo woodland and human activities in Kilwa district in relation to the establishment of the Community-based Forest Management initiatives. To measure resource availability in time, the study examines satellite images, ranging from optical images, radar and elevation models, combined with fieldwork for ground truthing and ground-based data collection.