Research on the typical model and path of rural vitalization in poverty counties in Hainan province

Authors: Li Ma*, INSTITUTE OF GEOGRAPHIC SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH
Topics: Rural Geography, Agricultural Geography, Development
Keywords: Rural vitalization; Rural Poverty; Rural multifunctional theory; Typical model; Alternative path; Hainan province
Session Type: Guided Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Roosevelt 3.5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download



Since the party’s 18th National Congress, China’s agricultural and rural development has made historic achievements. However, due to the large historical debts, the problem of insufficient development imbalance in our country is most prominent in the countryside. This article is based on the background of the Rural Revitalization, field research, questionnaires, and interviews were used to study the typical patterns and mechanisms of rural development in four impoverished counties in Hainan Province, and to summarize the constraints and path choices for Rural Revitalization. The result showed that: (1) The experience of the “Za Han” model shows that the supplement and improvement of rural multi-functionality plays an active role in promoting rural development. How to arouse the enthusiasm of farmers and master consciousness, stimulate the development of endogenous power and solve the financing problem in the process of construction, is the key and difficult point for rural development. (2) There are still many restrictive factors in the development of rural areas in Hainan province. Such as: Poor economic development, not obvious industrial characteristics; Poor population is relatively large and infrastructure construction is lagging behind; Farmers lack subjective initiative and lack of endogenous development motivation; Inadequate reserve of cadres and backwardness of talents. (3) In view of the constraints existing in the current rural development, we propose that the rural rejuvenation can be achieved through the overall planning, the various breakthroughs from the macro, meso, and micro levels.

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