Study on China`s Shrinking Cities in Traditional Agricultural Areas and Strategies to Avoid Shrinkage: A Case Study of Yudong Plain

Authors: Linshen Jiao*, Xi`an University of Architecture and Technology, Zhonghua Zhang, Xi`an University of Architecture and Technology , Lu Zhao, Xi`an University of Architecture and Technology
Topics: China, Asia, Immigration/Transnationalism
Keywords: Shrinking cities; Urban shrinkage; China; Small cities; Undeveloped area
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8212, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Shrinking cities have emerged in China, and relevant research has gradually gained attention and recognition. However, there are relatively few studies on shrinking cities in the central and western regions of China. The purpose of our study is to enrich the types of research objects in shrinking cities, and to provide some practical research for how small cities in undeveloped areas can avoid city shrinkage which likely to appear in the future. Research methods are field visiting, questionnaires, literature reading. This study takes the small cities (county-level) in the eastern Henan region as the research objects, and the findings are follows: a) both registered population and permanent resident population in the county are shrinking; b) even the estate market in the small cities have attracted much people from the rural; c) but there are problems such as single demographic structure, inadequate employment market, hollowing (transferred from rural villages) of the city, unsustainable development and so on. Our study suggests that county-level small cities in underdeveloped areas are very likely to be the main part of China's shrinking cities in the future. Finally, we point out that the concept of “smart growth” should be adopted, and the problems brought about by urban shrinkage can be avoided or weakened in advance by selecting appropriate urbanization models, hierarchical urban structures, and policy systems.

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