Urban Growth and Investments in Infrastructure in Brazil: The Pac and Its Replication in Small Cities of the Delta of the Amazon River

Authors: Monique Bruna Silva do Carmo*, Universidade do Vale do Paraiba, Sandra Maria Fonseca da Costa, Universidade do Vale do Paraiba
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Urban Geography, Regional Geography
Keywords: PAC, Delta, Small Cities, Urban Growth, Infrastructure.
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Committee Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The Amazon Delta is an important region which is formed predominantly by small cities which have developed from an unplanned settlement and with basic or no infrastructure and deeply dependency on public income and of the forest resources. The cities have been experiencing the rapid growth of population and an expansion of urban areas without investments in infrastructure according to their needs. The houses generally do not have basic services such as an insufficient water and the conditions of families are extremally precarious, the household income is coming from forest resource, public sector or informal sector (trade). According to the Brazilian data Census, less than 10% of households are connected to a public sewage system, the sewage is dumped in the river affecting water quality considering that the residents extract the river water to drink or to make other households tasks, resulting in a human and environmental impact. In this sense, this paper aims to examines how the PAC (Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento)created in 2007 which have the infrastructure as one component to improve infrastructure in urban centers in Brazil pass on in the small cities, considering that the PAC remains unclear in relation with own implementation, considering the inefficiency of public investment in basic infrastructure in small cities in the Amazon. For this study, we will use Brazilian Data Census, PAC data, and GIS for mapping the location and spatialization of the data.

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