Understanding the experience (needs and expectations) of women’s travel patterns incorporating intersections of age and income: A systematic literature review

Authors: Jacquie Bridgman*, University of Northampton
Topics: Women, Transportation Geography
Keywords: Transport disadvantage, intersectionality, gender equality, social mobility
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Tyler, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


A wide body of research has established that men and women’s travel patterns have repeatedly been shown to differ, with women making significantly more complicated journeys as part of their social and cultural roles. Presently, for example, in the UK 91% of lone parent households are headed by women. Evidence also supports that women in peripheral areas have difficulty in accessing and maintaining jobs access to childcare and transport provision. Different access to transport is a major producer of gender inequality Gender, transport related mobility, access to work and social inclusion should all be analysed in terms of their relationships rather than isolation. Intersectionality aims to advance the understanding the relationship of transport and gender by including additional variables such as age and income. This systematic literature review examined the exisiting literature on women's mobility and using interesctional theory included additional variables of age and class to provide a nuanced view of inclusion and develop an understanding of women's mobility not only through transport but also in terms of social mobility and how this c influences gender equality in the workplace. Whereby previously transport disadvantage has been widely discussed from a broad equality perspective, this review focusses attention to the interconnected relationship of the additional variables, age and class, to highlight the complexity of disadvantage and the implications for individuals. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research to further examine the under represented lived experience of women, across all lifestages, particularly incorporating career advancement and caring responsibilities.

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