Historical Climate Variability of Quebec

Authors: Sarah M. Harris*, McGill University
Topics: Climatology and Meteorology, Canada
Keywords: climate, climate change, Canada
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 2:35 PM / 4:15 PM
Room: Jackson, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Climate variations differ in effects and intensities throughout the globe. Future projections expect polar regions to see some of the most dramatic climatic and meteorological changes on the planet. In northern Canada, anticipated variations include air temperature warming, loss of permafrost, sea ice loss, etc. with many of these changes currently underway. Numerous Indigenous Peoples and their communities reside in this region and may be dramatically affected (culturally, economically, etc.) by any such events. Impacts to economic sectors due to changes of growing seasons and freezing patterns affecting shipping routes are also expected. Additionally, effects to this region have potential to disrupt other far-reaching mechanisms such as shifting of oceanic currents.

This research aims to statistically evaluate historical climate and landscape changes across the province of Quebec using multiple datasets such as reanalysis and station data on various timescales. We look at the differences between settlements in the northern and southern reaches of the province as well as between inland and coastal settlements. We also compare these results to future regional climate change projections. It is expected that we will apply these analyses to other provinces across Canada in the near future.

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