Translation of Climate Smart Agriculture from global narratives to local realities: Lessons from Nepal Himalayas

Authors: Rajiv Ghimire*, School for Future of Innovation in Society, Arizona State University, Netra Chhetri, School for Future of Innovation in Society, Arizona State University
Topics: Global Change, Asia, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: Climate Smart Agriculture, Climate Smart Village, Climate Adaptation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: 8212, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Agriculture sector has gained renewed global attention with the introduction of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) which aims to attain triple benefits of enhancing productivity, climate adaptation and mitigation. Driven primarily by global organizations, research on CSA are devoid of local perspectives. Our study explores how the idea around CSA has translated from global discourse to local practice and how implementing organizations at the local level innovate the idea as they move forward. Further, we also explore the aspirations of farmers regarding technologies associated with the CSA that are being practiced. Methodologically, this study involves semi-structured interviews with key officials of implementing organizations, visits of program sites, and interviews with participating farmers. Our findings reveal existence of different CSA models in Nepal. One most commonly promoted approach is the Climate Smart Village (CSV), introduced with the aim of increasing uptake of CSA technologies. While CSA technologies have remained largely same in all programs, each program differs in terms of implementation mechanism and priorities. The agencies who are currently implementing CSA programs have recognized challenge of achieving triple benefit, especially the mitigation part. On the bright side, all programs have emphasized issues related to gender, social inclusion and community engagement. In many cases focus has shifted from agriculture to other sectors. Although, CSA technologies introduced by various programs are not entirely new, they depend on how they are packaged and distributed. The adoption of CSA technologies is high among farmers incentivized by CSA programs and nominal among non-CSA farmers.

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