Disaster Culture which Disaster Learning Nurtures

Authors: Kenji Yamazaki*, Iwate University
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Asia
Keywords: disaster culture, vulnerability, resilience, disaster learning
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Virginia A, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

A disaster has multiple stages, from impacts to restoration / reconstruction and prediction / alarming. At any stage it is fragile parts that are severely influenced. In the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunamis of 2011, 55 percent of the dead from tsunamis were elderly people, over 65 years old. On the other hand, the age group with the smallest number of the dead is the one between 10 and 14 years old, i.e. elementary and junior high school students. These facts show the vulnerability that the rapidly-aging Japanese society has been challenged and at the same time they suggest that education has a possibility to overcome some vulnerability against disasters. As far as students evacuated under the school management, there was no student victims in Iwate Prefecture. This presentation describes the case of Miyako City Taro Daiichi Junior High School: How they completed successful evacuation and what change took place after 3.11, in terms of interpretation of the tradition “Tendenko,” a dialect of Sanriku Coast. After 3.11 this school has started various activities to inherit their tsunami experience and to deepen their learning about disasters and the town where they live. The role of learning disaster is discussed and it is concluded as one of the keys to nurture disaster culture that can overcome or mitigate the vulnerability against disasters

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