Authors: Mairo Haruna*, Bayero University Kano
Topics: Social Geography, Development, Gender
Keywords: Poverty index, child exclusion, Kano metropolis
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Roosevelt 0, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Abstract Family income is a key determinant of healthy child development. Children in families with greater material resources enjoy more secure living conditions and greater access to a range of opportunities that are often unavailable to children from low-income families. Since poverty leads to substantially higher risk of non-optimal outcomes for both children and adults, citizens and policymakers have important reasons to be concerned. This study assessed the relationship between household poverty levels and child exclusion in Kano Metropolis. Data used for this work included Child Exclusion Index and Poverty Index of households adapted from author’s unpublished PhD thesis including indices on children’s deprivation in education, housing and health care access, households’ durable assets, means of transport, cooking energy type and housing quality. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to test for the relationship between household poverty and child exclusion. Results show that 46% of the variation in child exclusion is accounted for by the four poverty variables. The children of Kano metropolis therefore experience social exclusion which is affected by the poverty level of their households. The study concludes that very little can be done to improve the lives of children in the study area without first addressing households’ poverty. Thus, families must have adequate income that can be provided through promotion of parental attachment to the labour force and reductions in the costs of essential services.