Inequalities of Microgeographies: A Neighborhood Analysis of Urban Environments

Authors: Christopher Cusack*, Keene State College
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Population Geography
Keywords: Microgeography, Inequality, Cities, Life Expectancy
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: 8229, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Inequalities can be found in any urban landscape and can take many different forms. From availability of amenities, to the spatial mismatch of employment opportunity, to issues of environmental injustice. Collectively, these inequalities can have a significant and deleterious effect on the morbidity and mortality rates of various populations. These inequalities and effects may also take on a spatial connotation that make them ripe for geographic analysis. Using data compiled as part of the United States Small-Area Life Expectancy Project (USALEEP), this research examines differences in life expectancy in a comparative analysis of urban settings. Specifically, life expectancy at the neighborhood level is examined in the small city of Keene, New Hampshire. Despite an attractive setting and a bustling Main Street, substantive difference exists within Keene in terms of neighborhood life expectancy. Such inequalities are likewise prevalent in the larger cities of New Hampshire and beyond. Examination of Manchester, the largest city in New Hampshire, reveals similar disparities in life expectancy, as do neighborhoods in cities such as Detroit, Michigan. These disparities are frequently shocking. The data help to shed light onto the need to bring planning and policy awareness to stark differences in life expectancies at the local level.

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