How commuting is affected by contextual conditions in different segments of the urban population

Authors: Susanne Nordbakke*, Institute of Transport Economics, Berit Grue, Institute of Transport Economics
Topics: Transportation Geography, Social Geography, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: commuting, car use, toll roads, inequality in opportunities, social distribution
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Johnson, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


This study explores the effect of contextual conditions on car use on commute travels in different segments of the urban population of Oslo. Car use on commuting can be regulated by various contextual measures, such as toll roads and parking conditions. Car use can also be reduced by improvements in the public transport supply (both at home and at home). However, there might be systematic differences in how contextual regulations and improvement effect different segments of commuters due to differences in individual constraints (e.g. economic, household composition, flexibility in working hours, possibility to work from home or not). Data from NTS 2013 will be used. NTS 2013 covers personal travel of all types, as well as all modes of transport, including walking. Variables related to paid work and commuting are: Weekly working hours, number of days at the conventional work place, information about working from other places (also home), occupational status, travel length/time, transport mode, parking facilities at home and near the work place, free parking/parking fees, other fringe benefits connected to commuting. NTS 2013 has a wide range of variables covering socio-demographic information. which will be used in the analysis to identify segments of commuters - “commuter types”. This study is based on a sample from the NTS 2013 that either live and/or work in Oslo (N=3074).

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